censored university lecture
Is it okay for art teachers to show paintings of the Prophet Muhammad, or is that Islamophobic?

Is it okay to display images of the Prophet Muhammad in an educational setting? That’s the question many are asking after an arts history professor at Hamline University was fired after she showed students a 14th century painting depicting Muhammad.

Most Muslims hold strong objections to viewing artistic depictions of Muhammad, and many believe it is sacrilegious. 

Now, the debate has moved from this small, private liberal arts university nestled in the heart of Minnesota to the national stage, with outrage from both free speech advocates and Muslim activists.

Was the firing justified?

Campus Controversy

Dr. Erika López Prater says she gave more than ample warning to students that they will be exposed to something some of them might find offensive or controversial: depictions of holy figures. In the class syllabus for a global arts history class she told students they will see depictions of the Prophet Muhammad and Buddha. On the day she showed the painting of Muhammad, she warned students minutes beforehand and gave anyone who might be offended ample opportunity to leave the classroom.

No one did.

Later, one of the students in attendance – who is also the president of the Muslim Student Association on campus – complained to school officials, arguing that showing the image at all was Islamophobic. Muslim students on campus (who were not in attendance in the classroom) backed the student up, and soon the administration informed Dr. López Prater that she was being let go and her contract would not be renewed. 

"Undeniably inconsiderate, disrespectful and Islamophobic," is how the school described the incident, and the president of the university cosigned an email which said that respect for the sensibilities of Muslim students “should have superseded academic freedom.”

Following the incident, the school hosted a forum and invited Muslim students and activists to speak about the incident’s impact. One speaker, Jaylani Hussein, the executive director of the Minnesota chapter of the Council on American-Islamic Relations, compared the incident to teaching a course on why Hitler was good. 

Despite the school’s best efforts to contain it, the controversy on campus boiled over far beyond the halls of this tiny midwest university, and many in the art world on campus and off are weighing in and demanding Professor López Prater be reinstated.

Was it Islamophobic?

Islamic art historian Christiane Gruber penned an essay last month defending Dr. López Prater. Not only did López Prater give ample warning to students, but the 14th century piece she showed is often taught in art history classes around the world. “The painting is an authentic and irreplaceable work of art,” she writes, and the Edinburgh University Library – where it is housed – considers it a “masterpiece of Persian book painting.”

Within the art world, there is a concerted effort to widen and “decolonize” the canon, so the painting in question and many other Islamic paintings are being shown more frequently in art classes.

Dr. Mark Berkson, a religion professor at Hamline, says that not even all Muslims agree that the incident was Islamophobic. Not all Muslims believe that artistic depictions of Muhammad are sacrilegious, and the Quran does not specifically prohibit Muslims from viewing or creating artistic depictions of the Prophet Muhammad. 

“To make blanket statements that this is prohibited, especially the image in question, is absolutely wrong,” said Ali Asani, professor of Islamic religion and culture at Harvard. “It shows illiteracy about religion.”

Dr. Berkson believes the school has gone too far, and that the incident is not Islamophobic. “We were being asked to accept, without questioning, that what our colleague did — teaching an Islamic art masterpiece in a class on art history after having given multiple warnings — was somehow equivalent to mosque vandalism and violence against Muslims and hate speech… That is what I could not stand.”

What do you think? The school’s given no indication it intends to reverse course on their decision, and Dr. López Prater says she has other jobs lined up anyway.

Was the incident indeed Islamophobic, or should academic freedom have prevailed?


  1. Colleen McAllister's Avatar Colleen McAllister

    Unless she presented the painting with commentary about Mohammed being evil, or denigrating all Muslims, I see this as a respectful presentation of Muslim art. To say this was Islamaphobic is to say the teacher hates all Muslims. I see no evidence of that here. Giving advanced notice of the presentation was very respectful.

    1. JaZe's Avatar JaZe

      The school went too far. Was it in fear? Did it feel intimidated? There isnt much respect for Christianity and other religions in Islamic countries, they are all infidels to them.

  1. Joe Stutler's Avatar Joe Stutler

    One would need to be a moron to take offense at pictures of mythological critters.

    1. David Arthur Lewis's Avatar David Arthur Lewis

      That's true, Joe. But Mohammed is actually a real historical person.

      1. Dr. Zerpersande, NSC's Avatar Dr. Zerpersande, NSC

        Like Jesus??? Hehehe

  1. Pastor Jody S.'s Avatar Pastor Jody S.

    I wonder about this. Was the President of the Muslim Students enrolled in the class? Was he there because he heard the professor was going to show a well known painting that is readily available in art books and online?

    Was this part of the class syllabus? If so, why did no one object until the class was conducted? All of us should be respectful of the faiths of other cultures, but the God of Isaac, Jacob, and yes - Muhammed - want us to be forgiving of each other. All of us should be "quick to listen, slow to speak, and slow to anger".

    Dialogue is the best way for all of us, before condemnation. In my conversations with Muslim women and men, I have found far more in common with them when it comes to matters of Faith, and life. The God of creation is the God of all of us.

  1. Rev. Kev's Avatar Rev. Kev

    "Islamophobia" is one of those neat catch-words designed to elicit an emotional response. A phobia is a deep, irrational fear. I fail to see how showing a picture in an art class about a piece of art is an irrational fear of Islam. Just as rational criticisms of a religion isn't a fear of any sort. The professor took all the proper precautions. It's up to the supposed adult students to make a decision based on the information, accept responsibility for their actions and outcomes, and stop whining about being offended by brute reality. They have freedom of religion. That freedom doesn't mean everyone else in an otherwise secular society needs to bend to their particular theological rules and beliefs. The professor was only fired as a sacrifice to prevent the sensitive babies from escalating to violence. As has happened too often in the past. Which, by the way, is a really awful commercial for their faith. People really need to get better at learning to peacefully co-exist in multicultural and multireligious societies.

  1. Nicholas J Page's Avatar Nicholas J Page

    I agree grow up people how can pictures offend people in this day and age.

  1. Rev. Dr. Father JJ's Avatar Rev. Dr. Father JJ

    this discussion is like listening to third grade boys arguing which superhero can beat up which superhero. childish, immature and based on fantasy. the third grade boys too

  1. Dr. Zerpersande, NSC's Avatar Dr. Zerpersande, NSC

    Art history prof shows a 14th century painting. It offends some adherents to religiously delusional worldview and the prof gets fired. Students were advised that the picture was going to be shown (which I think is silly, bc an obligatory hat tip to ignorance in a college setting goes against the concept of education) even though no Muslims were in the class. But they HEARD about it.

    Tell me, does the school cafeteria serve bacon?

    1. Robert James Ruhnke's Avatar Robert James Ruhnke

      As much as I believe in Muslim’s right to their religion. I think they can take their superstitions and shove them right where zealous Christians have there. Conservatives are ridiculous no matter their religion.

  1. Rev. Laurie G. Cleveland RN's Avatar Rev. Laurie G. Cleveland RN

    Second time that I posted this. OK. I was as dumb as this student was when I washed out of nursing school the first time. I didn't know much about other religions, races or religions. When I got my first black patient, a woman, I froze. My instructor, Mrs. Mugar, God love her, took me into her office and told me that underneath the skin we are all the same. Best words of advice that I ever had and I had a lot to learn. I hadn't come into contact with the variety of folks that you get in intercity hospitals. I had a lot to learn. I had a choice, either be ignorant or learn. I chose the latter.

    I didn't make it through the first time. I went to Boston State College and I took a comparative theology class. This was that in art form. The only mistake that the professor made was to alert students that they would be seeing a picture of Muhammed in the Persian style, which I understand is quite beautiful That student sat through pictures of every major religious figure and prophet, yet she chose to sit through it and then complained. I have no sympathy for her. I also believe that in her ignorance, she is a troublemaker that needed to understand that there was no attempts from what has been said, to put this prophet in a bad light. Indeed, it was a very famous picture of Muhammed. She clearly was blinded by her faith and wasn't open to learning about or understanding other religious.

    I firmly believe that God created different religions so that he could speak and be understood by different people. I did that. I had an Iranian student in my math class who thought that I was the funniest dumb blonde going. I was not the easy American that he was led to believe. I had an Ethiopian gentleman who was a Christian very intersted in me. We had some pretty interesting discussions. I learned about different beliefs, different ethnicities and the learning continued throughout my nursing career, which happened much later.

    I have been many things. I was a first rate dog trainer and my dad got to see me become a professional dog handler. I could have joined the PHA, Professional Handler's Association, but chose not to because there were more scumbags in the ring than I cared to be formerly associated with. I knew the rules and stuck to them. No tricks. Just good togs and an attitude that you had to beat me. I was lucky to have the mentors that I had. One of them, Ellie Berger, did more than just dogs. She taught me part of who I was. I used that knowledge quite a bit and during nursing school #2, Quincy College, I did my OB at my old hospital, South Shore Hospital in Weymough, MA. They had never seen a student like me who did stuff that only very experienced nurses did and they wanted me. I evidently had been blackballed when I was a Tumor Registrar and head of the Cancer Management Program at the hospital. They refused to give me my own office and staff. Stuff happens. I can honestly say that I went into places that I wouldn't send a dead rat into. I was expected to do my job despite less than stellar circumstances. Never called for backup. You know the rules and follow them.

    My job was to help people and sometimes language was an issue. I oftentimes would use family members. In one case, there was nothing but mats on the floor. 5 generations. I bowed to the elders first. It was their custom. My client was a 14 year old girl who had just had a baby. It wasn't my place to judge. It was their culture. I just had to get around it to make sure that the girl could take care of the baby and that there were no problems. Mission accomplished.

    Instead of raising hell over a picture, she would have been better served to understand what a very unique piece of art that it was and that it was all part of the class. There are no exceptions in classes like this except Satanic and atheist..

    1. Martin L Stigleman's Avatar Martin L Stigleman

      "There are no exceptions in classes like this except Satanic and atheist.."

      Okay, I was in full agreement with you, right up until you decided to totally reverse your "acceptance of others" by specifying those your ignorance won't accept.

      Atheist? Can you give me some type of example of atheist religious artwork? Or even any artwork that can be termed "Atheist"? To most, being Atheist is simply a denial that there is any power you can push responsibility for your own actions on. It is an acceptance of yourself without blaming a higher power. (To those of the Atheist persuasion, I realize I am not Atheist, so please take this as a basic tenet and not as an exact rendition of your belief system...I'm not trying to offend).

      As for "Satanic"...do you even have any IDEA of what the Satanic faith teaches? It is essentially a belief that the person is responsible for themselves and the world around them. They teach respect for one another, and ultimately, respect for yourself. You honor those who are good to you, and you cast aside those who aren't. You serve yourself and the world around you to keep it as a beautiful place for all...but above all, you take responsibility for what YOU DO without placing the blame on an invisible deity that doesn't care what you do until after you die, and then condemns you for every bad thing you ever even thought about. Are you just talking about "Satanic art"? Maybe take a look at EVERY SINGLE ART BOOK USED IN TEACHING. You will find paintings of angels and demons, images of Hell, Heaven, and Purgatory. Demons, Imps, Devils, and images of death are some of the most popular art images from all of history.


      1. Rhondalee Marie Ahmad's Avatar Rhondalee Marie Ahmad

        I totally agree with you. She had me until she condemned anyone's preference. Most of what people have learned has been through conditioning. Most people have never even had the chance to decide for themselves because most households 40 yrs ago put the fear in people...if you don't believe, you'll burn in hell. The fear mongering actually pushed people away.

      2. Rhondalee Marie Ahmad's Avatar Rhondalee Marie Ahmad

        Comment removed by user.

  1. Mary Haviland's Avatar Mary Haviland

    that is reduculas, muhhamad is not so sacred that you cant criticize him, esp if they believe it is okay to criticize and misslable our Yeshua the Messiah, and so far they have not been willing to do that, even if they do, muhammud is still not that sacrid, esp, since he was a false prophet, and he was possessed by a demons and his book was also inspired by demons, so they have no right to tell anybody else how we can think or talk. and they need to be straightned out about that, once and for all. esp in a country with freedom of speach, and esp after all the crap the teachers have been teaching our children with regards to sexuality and tranny carp, and blm and antifa crap, then muhammad is also fair game.

    1. Robert James Ruhnke's Avatar Robert James Ruhnke

      Lol it was inspired by the same book you get your religion from. Shut up. Y’all preach the same hatred. You have alot more in common with them than you realize or want to admit. Jesus is part of the Quran. Maybe before insulting other views. Learn to write a basic sentence.

      1. Rev, Rene L.'s Avatar Rev, Rene L.

        It is petty to criticize a person because of a spelling fault. And Mohamed is a prophet to Islam just as valid as Jesus is to Christianity!!! Al of their common history begins with the arch father Abraham, and continues for much of their COMMON history until the Islamic prophet. History teaches any thinking person that religions do not like competition because of money and power, but that does not belittle the fact that each of our beliefs are real to us personally!!! In this discussion the teachings in (apparently, American) schools of sex ed. etc. have no place!

        1. Robert James Ruhnke's Avatar Robert James Ruhnke

          It’s not just a matter of spelling. A typo here or there is understandable. An entire paragraph of mushed up barely legible sentences, whilst professing some form of superstitious supremacy is another. I find all the abrahamic faiths at fault for having listened to ill council based in madness. Murdering people for their land because a god says it’s yours has been a problem of theirs for 2000 years now. It’s insane. Actions bare judgements whether people like it or not.

  1. Rev. Dee's Avatar Rev. Dee

    The USA is SO screwed up.

  1. rebadams7's Avatar rebadams7

    Fear. The university is full of fear and that’s no place to learn. Best pack up your books and seek an institution of freedom, light and respect for knowledge R

  1. Kenneth Eagle Spirit's Avatar Kenneth Eagle Spirit

    Seems like there's a fine line between respect for the religious beliefs of any given group, in this case Muslims, and freedom of expression or freedom of speech. Personally I think respect for religious beliefs should prevail. But that's just me. I'll be interested to see how this discussion goes.

    1. Douglas Robert Spindler's Avatar Douglas Robert Spindler

      @Kenneth Eagle Spirit If you think respect for religious beliefs should prevail how would anyone study an learn about religion.

      Mormons and Christians are having a heck of a time keeping them religious. Mormon kid's like Christian kids are leaving the church in droves. Firing professors who are educating students about religion and the flaws in religious beliefs is one way religious leaders are trying to combat young people from realizing what a scam religions are.

  1. Herbert Moore's Avatar Herbert Moore

    Wonder what their response is to physic's position on the ages of the universe and the earth? Certainly those must mess with some of their beliefs, also.

  1. Clyde's Avatar Clyde

    So? Show me the pic. The grave images thing is a joke. You call yourself a prophet ,then suffer the poor representations. God don’t need no protection from false gods. Neither does Moses, Jesus, nor Mohammed. Grow up and honor the Creator!

  1. John P Maher's Avatar John P Maher


    1. David Arthur Lewis's Avatar David Arthur Lewis

      Please stop shouting.

  1. Rev Frankie PG's Avatar Rev Frankie PG

    Why am I not surprised? Always scream acceptance, until it's something you don't appreciate, is exactly what goes on at several universities throughout the country. Our country, which takes pride of our Bill of Rights, of Freedom of Speech, Freedom of Choice, Freedom of the Press, etc. When I was at UNLV I joined the GayBCs Club, Spectrum. Before I went to the first meeting I asked the representative, "is the group open-minded." Where he proudly turned and said, "yes, our motto is Speak Up." Now I was already 36 at the time, had medically retired from the military, had already spent years in law-enforcement and a few other life achieving steps but I figured, if it's in their motto and I'm respectful I can't lose. About 18 months into it, they proved me wrong, especially when it came to the part of me supporting Martin Luther Kings stanza, 'children not being judged based upon the color of their skin but rather the content of their character', which they decried was barbaric thinking. Though the Director of Student Affairs and the Director of Student Conduct said they couldn't do anything, the Director of Campus Ethics said differently. As a matter of fact, during the meeting he even told me that I should try to create my own group. Why? Was I more or less gay than the others in the group?

    This professor absolutely provided the renderings in an appropriate setting, even though she wasted her breath warning the students of the upcoming image in an Arts (aka- image) History (aka- past) Course. I'd understand if the class wasn't related but the name says it all. What it didn't say was that students that are too immature to be in college and face truths should go back home and then mommy and daddy that they made the bubble they so appreciate. Now granted I'm not Muslim and though I grew up with my Persian uncle and his mom, there's still much to be learned. Once again though, the first and only warning, that should be necessary, is in the title of the class.

  1. David Arthur Lewis's Avatar David Arthur Lewis

    There was a time when Religion ruled the known world. We call it the Dark Ages. Let's not do that again, please.

  1. David Arthur Lewis's Avatar David Arthur Lewis

    This sounds like a set-up to me. Like the Muslim Student guy heard about it ahead of time and intentionally attended the class, ignored all the warnings of explicit content, and went there with the full intention of being offended and causing a fake "Islamophobic" incident. It's really no different from "Swatting".

  1. Julie Gardner's Avatar Julie Gardner

    Practicing one’s religion & spirituality is a personal responsibility. It is immature and unrealistic to believe we can live in a world that will never offend. If we did we would be so protected & isolated there would be no room for dialogue & learning. Being forced to follow a belief system is one thing, but choosing to participate when one has a choice and would experience no negative impact by not participating, is another. Understanding this difference is fundamental to addressing systemic issues. Choosing to ignore this difference is disrespectful to those who truly don’t have choice.

  1. Stephen Mohlaloga Makgoathane's Avatar Stephen Mohlaloga Makgoathane

    I have sent a few comments on these happenings some few weeks if not months. Looks like my publication is not considered or taken serious, maybe this reason or that reason. I want to know why you people don't publish my input, my opinion, my contribution? I've been participating in about 4 cases but non has been published. I want to know why? STEPHEN TREVOR MOHLALOGA MAKGOATHANE ( S.A)

  1. Louise Marie Harmon's Avatar Louise Marie Harmon

    I think the university went way overboard in their response to the situation. Dr. López Prater presented the piece in the context of art history, amply warning her students ahead of time about the material she would be presenting and giving anyone opportunity to leave if they felt uncomfortable. The university reacted out of fear of reprisal from one group of students and failed to protect the interest of the rest. Genocide and dictatorships begin when one small group becomes empowered to decree to the majority what is allowed or forbidden.

  1. Peter Senderowitz's Avatar Peter Senderowitz

    There are too many clerical fascists - Christians, Hebrews and Muslims- trying to bully lay and secular people. Let these theocrats go where they can bully each other and, who knows, stir up a holy war for themselves. And by the way, time for separation of Church and state- no more tax breaks for churches, synagogues or mosques. Let the believers dig into their pockets to keep their own spiritual belief institutions! Rev. Peter Merovitch Senderowitz

  1. Ahmed Abduljabar Al-Hujazi's Avatar Ahmed Abduljabar Al-Hujazi

    Any depiction of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is considered disrespectful by most Muslims. This due to the early years of Islam when idolators were persecuting Muslims; and later when Muhammad himself destroyed all the false idols in the Kabba (the house built to God by Abraham). The Prophet was adamant that he was just a man, and that only Allah was worthy of worship. The concern of displaying Muhammad (pbuh) in any form is that he might become a figure (a.k.a idol) of worship. That said, the professor did give those who might be offended fair warning, so I don't believe she should have been fired. There are some Muslims who will say that any display of the Prophet's image anytime, anywhere is disrespectful; however, that is a matter of personal belief and interpretation of the Message. What our Christian friends need to ask themselves is: How would you feel if Jesus (pbuh) was depicted graphically having sex with Mary Magdalene?

    1. Dr. Zerpersande, NSC's Avatar Dr. Zerpersande, NSC

      Jesus having sex = any pic of the winged horse prophet?

      Kinda’ different, huh?

  1. Larry Mager's Avatar Larry Mager

    All I can say is that THIS is why there is so much Islamophobia when there should not be any. Like so many "Christian" groups, some things appear to be taken WAAAAYYYY out of context.

  1. William Langen Burgoyne's Avatar William Langen Burgoyne

    I believe that any artistic paintings concerning the Muslim pictures of Muhhamed or even the Buddah or Jesus Christ are completely justified and anyone who displays them should not be held accountable for their actions.

  1. Joseph G Mann's Avatar Joseph G Mann

    Professor did absolutely nothing wrong!!!

  1. Thomas A. Follis's Avatar Thomas A. Follis

    Things in this country are out of control. A professor is fired for showing pictures of WHO? Yet, we no longer teach American history in our schools. It’s appropriate to show 2 people of the same sex swapping spit on the tube but, we can show pictures of WHO? Really people, this is America.

    1. Dr. Zerpersande, NSC's Avatar Dr. Zerpersande, NSC

      Hopefully you have discovered that pressing ‘Post’ multiple times gives results other than what one desires.

  1. Thomas A. Follis's Avatar Thomas A. Follis

    Things in this country are out of control. A professor is fired for showing pictures of WHO? Yet, we no longer teach American history in our schools. It’s appropriate to show 2 people of the same sex swapping spit on the tube but, we can show pictures of WHO? Really people, this is America.

  1. Thomas A. Follis's Avatar Thomas A. Follis

    Things in this country are out of control. A professor is fired for showing pictures of WHO? Yet, we no longer teach American history in our schools. It’s appropriate to show 2 people of the same sex swapping spit on the tube but, we can show pictures of WHO? Really people, this is America.

  1. Thomas A. Follis's Avatar Thomas A. Follis

    Things in this country are out of control. A professor is fired for showing pictures of WHO? Yet, we no longer teach American history in our schools. It’s appropriate to show 2 people of the same sex swapping spit on the tube but, we can show pictures of WHO? Really people, this is America.

  1. Thomas A. Follis's Avatar Thomas A. Follis

    Things in this country are out of control. A professor is fired for showing pictures of WHO? Yet, we no longer teach American history in our schools. It’s appropriate to show 2 people of the same sex swapping spit on the tube but, we can show pictures of WHO? Really people, this is America.

    1. Robert James Ruhnke's Avatar Robert James Ruhnke

      Pfffft. We have American history, in its entirety. Not just the cherry picked version that leaves out the bad bits. History is supposed to learnt from, not fawned over. An any time the ugly side of American history is shown to hyper patriotic fools, they put their head in the sand. Nobody is forcing you to watch gay people kiss. You can turn the channel or put something else. It’s really that easy.

    2. Dr. Zerpersande, NSC's Avatar Dr. Zerpersande, NSC

      You seem to think America is somehow ‘special’. There are countless other countries where expectations of ‘freedom’ are justified. And many of those countries aren’t blinded by religion to the extent exhibited by the majority of Americans.

  1. Michael Burton's Avatar Michael Burton

    Demonstrates the need for organized religions to exercise power for control.

    For historical purposes, the professor should have put up a blank screen noting that there were no photographs of paintings at the time Mohammad was conducting his conquests of the Middle east, and the same goes for any portrail of Jesus. There were, I understand, contemporary paintings and sculptures of Buddah.

  1. Daniel Todd Kamm's Avatar Daniel Todd Kamm

    Art is art. History is history. Much of the art was done in a historical context before someone decided it was not appropriate. There's even debate as to why: are his images idolatrous? Are they offensive if they do not portray him a certain way? Is his image white enough, or black enough for some people? Was he too tall or too short, or did he have a crutch in his old age or was he bald and people coming after wanted everyone to cover their heads so MTP did not appear bald because he covered his head? Who knows. Lots of poetry, lots of commentary, lots of rage, not to mention, there are all kinds of his followers who follow his teachings but also their own hearts and minds. Which was the whole point. People of all ilks take too much offense at their own non-sense. Give some money to the poor and make amends for your own foibles and then maybe MTP will speak to you. Peace Out...Rebtk

  1. Mary Haviland's Avatar Mary Haviland

    as i said before, she did nothing wrong, in fact she had a disclamer on the paintiong, if the muslim community doent want thot paintins to be viewed, they should never have had allowed them to be painted and or allow them to be out in the public. it they allow them to be made public, they are giving the consent for them to be seen, besides it looks like some of the paintings that were shown, had muhammuds face vailed anyway, this is just another example of irrational hypocricy for a mentally ill group of people.

  1. James Allen Englehart's Avatar James Allen Englehart

    If she was just showing the painting as part of class, I see no issues. If there was positive or negative statements about religion or similar things I could see a problem. Students were given warnings. Those students should be considered adults that can make decisions.

  1. R Daniel Champion's Avatar R Daniel Champion

    All paths to God should be honored. Free speech, discussions, and pictures are good activities to use when we are talking and learning about other alternate parts different from our own, This professor did nothing wrong and should receive an apology, pack pay, and re-instatement. The people who were so "offended" might wish to examine their own intolerance to other people's quest for knowledge.

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